Computer Fundamentals


Basic computer MCQs, Quizzes for FPSC, PPSC, NTS, SPSC, CSS, PMS, BPSC, KPPSC jobs test preparation. These fundamental MCQs are basics of computer knowledge and very much helpful in job test prepaprations


Computer Fundamentals

Select one option out of four given options

  1. The term computer is derived from?




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  3. Who is considered the father of computer




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  5. Who is the inventor of "difference engine"?




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  7. Name the great Muslim scientist who was considered as one of the founder of the computers




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  9. Which was the computer conceived by Charles Babbage?




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  11. What was the computer invented by the Attanasoff and Berry




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  13. IBM stands for




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  15. IBM is an American multinational company was founded on?




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  17. By what name the international giant IBM was known before the year 1924




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  19. Which American company is called big blue




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  21. IBM headquarter is founded in?




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  23. Digital Computer was invented by the?




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  25. Who is known as the father of IBM?




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  27. The basic architecture of computer was developed by the?




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  29. Howard Aiken Developed a computer with the help of IBM in 1944. Its name was




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  31. The first machine to perform a long series of arithmetic and logical operations was




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  33. Who designed the first electronic computer ENIAC




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  35. ENIAC stands for




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  37. ENIAC uses




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  39. First electronic general purposes computer was




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  41. John Eckert and John Mauchly designed ENIAC in year




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  43. EDVAC stands for




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  45. EDVAC uses




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  47. The first computer to use stored program concept




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  49. EDSAC stands for




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  51. The first computer to use stored program concept was given by?




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  53. UNIVAC is?




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  55. The first commercially produced digital computer was




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  57. The first generation computers used?




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  59. First generation of computers developed during _____________ period




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  61. When vacuum tube was invented by John Ambrose Fleming?




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  63. The computer size was large in which generation of computer?




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  65. Which of the following is first generation computer?




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  67. The first computer was programmed by using?




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  69. Which was the most popular computer in first generation computer




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  71. Batch processing was mainly used in this generation?




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  73. First generation period computers developed during ........ period?




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  75. Chief component of second generation computer was ?




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  77. IBM 1401 belongs to which computer generation?




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  79. The first computer used in Nepal was




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  81. IC stands for




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  83. An Integrated Circuit is




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  85. The most advantage of IC is its




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  87. Chief component of third generation computer was




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  89. From which generation operating systems were developed




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  91. An IBM system/360 is small scale computer belongs to which generation of computers




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  93. Online real system become famous in




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  95. Who invented the microprocessor




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  97. Microprocessor was introduced in which generation of computer




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  99. What was the name of the first microprocessor invented in 1971




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  101. The function of the control unit in a microprocessor is?




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  103. Difference between microprocessor and micro-computer is




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  105. VLSI is used in fourth generation of computer. It stands for




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  107. LSI is used in fourth generation of computer. It stands for




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  109. The first microprocessor was created using




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  111. Artificial Intelligence (IA) is associated with which generation




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  113. Analogue computer works on the supply of




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  115. In an analogue computer input is




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  117. In which type of computer data is represented in discrete discrete value




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  119. In digital computer data is expressed in




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  121. Hybrid computer is combination of




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  123. The first hybrid computer released in 1961 was




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  125. The most common form in which a modern computer is found today is




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  127. In computer PC stands for




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  129. PDA is a handheld computer which is used to provide the facilities of calendar, appointment book and address book. PDA stands for




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  131. What is embedded computer




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  133. A dumb terminal has




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  135. Who invented the super computer




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  137. Language which was devised by the Seymour Cray is




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  139. The computer which has only one processor is known as




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  141. CBT stands for




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  143. CAD in computer stands for




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  145. CAL is computer stands for




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  147. CAT in computer stands for




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  149. MICR Technology is used in Banks to verify cheques and other documents. MICR stands for




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  151. CPU is called the brain of the computer. CPU stands for




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  153. In a computer most processing takes place in




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  155. ALU stands for




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  157. CU in computers stands for




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  159. CPU is a combination of




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  161. Arithmetic logic unit consists of ----------- units called




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  163. Which of the following part in used for calculating and comparing




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  165. The ALU of a computer responds to the command comming from




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  167. What is the function of the control unit in computer




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  169. QWERTY keyboard was first designed by the




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  171. The keys on the top of the keyboard as F1, F2 ........... F12 are known as




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  173. Which one of the following is an input device




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  175. A standard enhanced keyboard has ........ keys




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  177. What is the function of Home Key in a microcomputer QWERTY keyboard




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  179. Who was the inventor of mouse




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  181. Computer mouse can be classified as ....... device




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  183. What term is used to describe using the mouse to move an item on the screen to a new location




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  185. Cursor is a




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  187. The most common input device to control the movement of the cursor on the monitor screen is




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  189. Which device is used ad the standard pointing device in a graphical user environment




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  191. OCR in computer stands for




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  193. The technology that reads the characters from the scanned documents is known as




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  195. Which of the following devices can be used to directly image printed text




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  197. The OCR recognizes the characters




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  199. OMR in computer stands for




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